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Rohingya Crisis

The Rohingyas are 100 per cent Bengali and speak a Chittagong dialect. Most were forcibly settled in Burma by the British in an attempt to more easily control the Arakan, today known as the Rakhine State in Myanmar. The Barman have fortified this ethnic cleansing through the Burma Citizenship Law of 1982, which recognizes only eight ‘national races’ but not the Rohingyas.


The Rohingya are often described as the world’s most persecuted minority. They are an ethnic group, majority of whom are Muslim, who have lived for centuries in the majority


In Myanmar where Buddhist are in majority they are an ethnic group, majority of whom are Muslim, which are living in Myanmar for centuries. About 1.1 million Rohingya who live in the Southeast Asian country currently.Rohingyas are not considered one of the country’s 135 official ethnic groups and have been denied citizenship in Myanmar since 1982, which make them stateless.


In June 2012, Violence between Rohingyas and Rakhine’s Buddhist natives began flaring up, following the rape and murder of a Rakhine woman in a Rohingya-dominated locality. The riotswent on for almost a month with causalities on both the sides.Another round of riots broke out in October. This ethnic conflict spread in other parts of Myanmar and took a religious violence.


Hundreds of thousands of Rohingya have fled to neighbouring countries, due to ongoing violence and persecution, either by land or boat over the course of many decades.


TheArakanRohingya Salvation Army(ARSA, an armed guerilla outfit), which is active since 2016, were fighting for a “democratic Muslim state for the Rohingya.” The group has beentargeting Myanmar armed forces. Bangladesh and India have also claimed ARSA is creating trouble in their soil too.


Since late 201, 87, 000 Rohingya have fled Mayanmar to Bangladesh. The influx has been increasing since August 25. About five lakh Rohingyas have already taken shelter in Bangladesh over the last two decades and Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina is clearly unwilling to take in more. She has even urged the United States to put pressure on Myanmar to stop the exodus of Rohingyas.


There are approximately 40,000 Rohingyas living in India according to the Ministry of Home Affairs. They have reportedly reached India from Bangladesh through the land route over the years.



Minister of State for Home Affairs KirenRijiju has stated it categorically that the government is looking for ways to deport over 40,000 Rohingyas living in the country illegally. The government is worried about the suspected infiltration of terror outfits among the displaced people living in various camps.


TheUnited Nations High Commissionern for Refugee(UNHCR) and the Amnesty International, asked India to reconsider its decision saying that “the Rohingyas are the most persecuted ethnic group in the world”. India should adopt humanitarian approach in dealing with Rohingya problem, they said.


India is in a difficult situation. It is not just trying to balance the contradictory interests of Myanmar and Bangladesh, but it has its own reasons to worry about the onslaught of refugees. India realizes that a number of Rohingyas will also land up in its own territory. It fears radicalization of this group and there have already been some statements by Indian ministers calling for deportation of some 40,000 illegal Rohingya immigrants.



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